Physicochemical, phytochemical profiling and Biological activities of leaves extract of Bardy (Typha domingensis Pers.) from Al-Chibayish marshes in southern Iraq

Esam J. Al-Kalifawi, Yasamine J. Al-Azzawi, Khaled kat Al-Fartousi1, Hind Mezher Musa

الملخص


This research was carried out in Al-Chibayish marshes in southern Iraq to support the inclusion of Iraqi marshes in the UNESCO’s World Heritage List. This study was conducted to investigate Physicochemical, phytochemical profiling and Biological activities of the leaves extract of Bardy (Typha domingensis Pers.) collected from Al-Chibayish marshes in southern Iraq. Phytochemical screening of crude extracts of the leaves of the Typha domingensis Pers. reveals the presence of alkaloids, tannin, steroids, phenol, saponins, flavonoids in aqueous and methanolic extracts whereas carbohydrates, tannins, oils and fats were present in Petroleum ether and chloroform extract. In addition to this chloroform extract also contains flavonoids and phenols.

 The results showed that the leaves extract of Bardy (Typha domingensis Pers.) Had antimicrobial properties against and Gram-negative and Gram positive bacteria. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the different extracts ranged from 0.78 mg/ml to 12.5 mg/ml. Haemostatic activity of leaves extract of Bardy (Typha domingensis Pers.) in Albino Rats was investigate. The results obtained indicate that methanolic leaf extract of Typha domingensis Pers. significantly decreased (p < 0.05) the bleeding time, prothrombin time and clotting time respectively in a dose dependent manner. In contrast, plasma fibrinogen concentration significantly increased (p < 0.05). The study concluded that methanolic leaf extract of Bardy (Typha domingensis Pers.) possesses antimicrobial and haemostatic activities. 

DOI=10.24897/acn.64.68.130


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