The Role of Green Infrastructure in Achieving Socio-Spatial Dimensions in Housing Sustainability

Hoshyar Qadir Rasul, Khuncha Fadhil Abdalqadir, Sarko Hassan Sleman


Planning sustainable communities is a complex process that addresses the key areas of equitable economic, environmental and social sustainability. Nowadays the sustainable communities became the core objective in the view of building new world facing the multi and various challenges. Socio-spatial dimension represents greenspace networks integration into new development. Protecting and enhancing the existing physical assets are the pillars to achieve this goal.

Green infrastructure is a new concept of planning and design that consists primarily of a hybrid hydrological / drainage network, complementing and linking existing green areas with built-in infrastructure that provides ecological functions. Green infrastructure plans apply the basic principles of landscape ecology as well as appropriate solutions for roofing and shading in urban environments, specifically: a multi-scale approach with a clear attention to the pattern, social and spatial relationships, and emphasis on social and environmental interactions.

This research focuses on the socio-spatial planning communities in the view point of sustainability, analyzing previous studies, models and applications that illustrate possible spatial configurations of the green infrastructure to support and strengthen social relations with the physical side of the built environment, especially in residential neighbourhoods. The study presents theoretical models to understanding the social sustainability and guidelines for sympathetic the green infrastructure and its impact on achieving socio-spatial sustainability, taking  (Sulaimaniyah Heights Residential Complex) in Sulaimaniyah city as a case study of one of the housing complexes that is still under construction, following the analytical quantitative approach methodology. The results show the importance of green infrastructure (GI) to obtain social sustainability through the use of green infrastructure as a tool to achieve socio-spatial sustainability in housing projects in areas with moderate climatic conditions.

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